Monday, January 20, 2020

AE response to Alcoholism :: essays research papers

  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  This week’s selections of articles from the AE reader were both interesting and thought provoking. The first article â€Å"Drinking to get Drunk,† details the growing concern of binge drinking on college campuses across the country. I thought it was very interesting that 23% of students are â€Å"frequent binge drinkers† whereby frequent binge drinking is operationally defined as those who consumed at least five drinks in a row at one point during any two week period. This is startling number when thinking of my own drinking habits or even the social norms of drinking on this campus. I would be confident in claiming that at Providence College, the percentage of frequent binge drinkers is likely higher than the national percentage. With the social culture of this campus being focused on gatherings that include alcohol, it is hard to remove oneself from a drinking climate. As a student leader on this campus, we are required to program so many a lcohol free activities to promote a â€Å"dry† campus. These efforts go unnoticed and very often are unattended by students because of the competition of the off campus bar scene. Perhaps if the surrounding community (ie: local bar establishments/package stores, law enforcement officials, attorney generals office) becomes more stringent in enforcing underage drinking regulations, it will become more difficult for underage students on this campus to drink. Or on the flipside, the result could be just as devastating with a shift in drinking off campus to on campus, causing more on campus disciplinary actions. This could be worth it however if it means that students will be drinking in their dorms and in a fairly safe environment unlike our neighboring community. Further examination on this campus is necessary and continues through student congress and Fr. McPhail’s office. Personally, I don’t think the drinking climate will change until the allure of drinking and being drunk is discouraged and students develop a mature sense of what is â€Å"cool.†   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The second article â€Å"The Drug that Pretends it Isn’t† is also an article related to alcohol and the nasty consequences of drinking on our society. The article opens with the giggle of Jamaica, the trendy spring break hot spot that many college students flock to. A policy research group called Drug Strategies produced a report that calls alcohol â€Å"America’s most pervasive drug problem,† which is sadly true. What shocked me was the claim that alcohol-related deaths outnumber deaths related to drugs four to one; alcohol is a factor in more than half of all domestic-violence and sexual assault cases.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Explaining of the Sociological Perspectives in Health and Social Care

There are 3 main perspectives: †¢ The Structural/Functional Perspective – Relationship between parts of society, i.e. how aspects of society are functional and adaptive. – Macro – all aspects of society contribute to the way society functions as a whole. For example the government pays for school teachers and schools and bin collection etc. and in return citizens pay tax. The country couldn’t run without the citizens paying tax. People who believe in this theory believe that member of society have to work together and agree on what will be best for society as a whole. †¢ The Conflict Perspective – Competition for scarce resources, i.e. how the elite control the poor and weak. – Macro – this theory focuses on the negative aspects and conflicted areas of society, the ever changing areas. – Society is ever struggling and inevitably changing sometimes it is beneficial and other times it is negative and violent. Inequality is widely spread. To one partner this is the symbol of eternal love.To the other a mere financial expense. †¢ Symbolic/Interaction Perspective – Use of symbols, i.e. face to face interactions. – Micro – how people interact with each other and how they interpret symbols and the details of everyday life. People are seen to attach meanings to symbols, and then act up on these meanings. Words are not static they have a meaning or meanings but the way in which the sender means/says the word could be taken differently by the receiver. Micro – level of analysis is of small social patternsMacro – level of analysis is of large social patternsThe principal of sociological perspective are:Functionalism- an important part of some accounts of functionalism is the idea of multiple realisation. Since, according to standard functionalist theories, mental states are the corresponding functional role, mental states can be sufficiently explained without taking i nto account the underlying physical medium (e.g. the brain, neurons, etc.) that realizes such states; one need only take into account the higher-level functions in the cognitive system.Marxism- is an economic political theory by which law is considered an instrument of oppression and control, and which the ruling class uses against the working class. Marxism holds at its core a critical analysis of capitalism and a theory of social change. The powerful and innovative analytical methods Marx introduced have influenced a broad range of disciplines.Feminism- has altered predominant perspectives in a wide range of areas within Western society, ranging from culture to law. Feminist activists have campaigned for women's legal rights (rights of contract, property rights, voting rights); for women's right to bodily integrity and autonomy, for abortion rights. A social institution can be defined as an organizational system which functions to satisfy basic social needs by providing safe and s uitable environment. Institutions such as: government – public servicesreligion – place of worship education – schools economics – areas family – social servicesPrimary socialisation is when you learn the basic day to day norms and values through socialisation. This occurs during childhood. Secondary socialisation is when learning what is the appropriate behavior as a member of a smaller group within the larger society. To learn how to react to the situation you find yourself in. This occurs with teenagers and adults, and involves smaller changes than those occurring in primary socialisation. WHO (world health organisation): definition of HealthHealth is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. 3 main factors that influence healthGeneticsPhysical environmentSocial environment – an individual’s choice and peer pressure of ‘friends’ e.g. doing drugs may b e forced by peers. Home, lifestyle, nutrition and income all affect health also. Concepts of healthPersonal responsibility – if you keep yourself clean and tidy (covering up cuts) then you minimize the risk of infection. If you do exercise and eat good food you build up your immune system. Health as the absence of illness – if you remain in a healthy state then it’s unlikely for you to become ill. All of these affect a person’s health.Concepts of ill-health Ill health as a disease – if a disease can be cured it can only be done by medicine or treatment Ill health as a disorder – a disorder can be treated sometimes and can be done by changing your lifestyle or with help from medicine or treatment.Definitions of disability Impairment = a loss or abnormality of physical bodily structure or function, of logic-psychic origin, or physiological or anatomical origin Disability = any limitation or function loss deriving from impairment that prevents the performance of an activity in the time-lapse considered normal for a human being Handicap = the disadvantaged condition deriving from impairment or disability limiting a person performing a role considered normal in respect of their age, sex and social and cultural factors The medical model sees a person’s impairment as the cause of disability. The person with a disability to adapt to society instead of society adapting to them. Socio-medical modelRecognises links between social life and the body. The social model is based on the premise that people are not disabled because of illness or impairment. Instead, they are disabled because of how society is constructed.MEDICAL MODEL SOCIAL MODEL Disability is a deficiency or abnormality. Disability is a difference. Being disabled is negative. Being disabled, in itself, is neutral. Disability resides in the individual.Disability derives from interaction between the individual and society. The remedy for disability-related proble ms is cure or normalization of the individual. The remedy for disability-related problems are a change in the interaction between the individual and society. The agent of remedy is the professional.The agent of remedy can be the individual, an advocate, or anyone who affects the arrangements between the individual and society. Even though people who have disabilities are very different, we are all different ages, races, and different kinds of disabilities, we still share a lot of things in common – such as a common history and common experiences of being discriminated against (being treated different because of our disability). MedicalisationTendency of normal life stages, experience and events as needing medical intervention because they are seen to be risky and problematic. Clinical iceberg – medical issues, the amount recognised etc. is just like the tip of an ice berg

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Analysis Of Phyllis Wheatley s On Being Brought From...

On being brought from Africa to America† by Phyllis Wheatley TWAS mercy brought me from my Pagan land, Taught my benighted soul to understand That there s a God, that there s a Saviour too: Once I redemption neither sought nor knew, Some view our sable race with scornful eye, Their colour is a diabolic die. Remember, Christians, Negroes, black as Cain, May be refin d, and join th angelic train. (Wheatley) The title, On Being Brought from Africa to the America is nearly as frank as you can get. This poem is clearly about the writer’s thoughts about being transported as a slave from Africa such as, Gambia or Senegal areas that were not considered to be Christian land by America’s standards. The identification additionally makes known the concept of suggestion, or change. Phyllis makes use of metaphorical dialectal within the poem, and just as, she become converted from being a pagan to a Christian. The title tells us about being moved from one area to another. One would have observed that the word, brought is utilized and implemented not words such as, kidnapped or stolen. There were no other phrases utilized or implement to indicate the struggle that slaves persisted as they had been taken far away from their place of birth. Phyllis clearly uses a positive tone. â€Å"On Being Brought† is the passive form that Wheatley utilizes, in order to make a direct statement. She associates her coming to America as a worthy factor that, brings her to the religion of Christianity

Friday, December 27, 2019

Animal Testing Classifies As Legal, Sanctioned Abuse

Animal testing classifies as legal, sanctioned abuse. When an animal is in a lab as a test subject, there is no limit to what harm may be inflicted upon it. Over one hundred million animals go through this torture each year (PETA). These animals spend the majority of their lives in an unnatural, stressful environment, fearing what kind of thing will happen to them next. They are kept behind bars with usually no access to sunshine or fresh air, unable to act as they would if they were free (PETA). Dogs being tested on can not run around in the grass, birds can not fly around outside, and mice have no wheel to exercise on. Animals in labs go through thorough, invasive experiments, often ending in death. Many of these tests they go through†¦show more content†¦A paper by researchers at Yale University titled â€Å"Where is the Evidence that Animal Research Benefits Humans?† looks at various studies in which animals were used and shows that there is a small amount of evid ence proving that these tests were directly beneficial to humans. In animal testing, human diseases and toxicity symptoms are mimicked in the animal, and the results of the test are often not similar in humans and animals (Stokes).The Food and Drug Administration reported that over ninety percent of products deemed to be safe for animals failed the test when given to humans. Many prescription drugs, such as Oraflex, Suprol, and Selacryn, are intensely tested on animals, and once they are distributed for human use, the results are not the same, causing sickness or death (PETA). For example, in 2004, a drug called Vioxx, intended to help with arthritis, was tested to be safe on animals, yet when brought up for people to use, it caused over sixty thousand deaths in the United States alone. Animals are not humans; therefore, they are not made up in the same way as humans are. Although we share many of the same functions as animals, our genes, cells, and tissues differ (Stokes). If one w ere to take a human gene and insert it into a rat, the gene would function completely differently in the rat’s body, just as a chemical would function completely differently in a human or rat. A quote from Pandora Pound, a British medical journal states, â€Å"The claim that animalShow MoreRelatedAbnormal Psychology. Classification and Assessment of Abnormal Behavior20707 Words   |  83 Pagespleasant emotions. (p. 99) JERRY BEGINS TO TELL HIS STORY, GUIDED BY THE INTERVIEWER. 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Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Budget Proposal Essay - 1205 Words

| Papa Geo’s (5 Year Budget Proposal) | | | 1.0 Executive Summary | Papa Geo’s is devoted to bringing top notch Italian cuisine at an affordable price that everyone can enjoy, because at Papa Geo’s you’re not just our guest you’re family. We offer a wondrous all-you-can-eat style buffet of the fines Italian cuisine. Unlike your typical sit-down buffets in the Orlando, Florida area; we ensure a unique experience with a combination of both exceptional foods as well as great entertainment that the entire family can enjoy. The following budget plan illustrations how our restaurant will manage our expenses to increase the company’s revenues allowing for a 10 % gain in profit of sales. The budget plan for Papa Geo’s†¦show more content†¦The payback period for the loan would be within five years but could be paid off sooner. The discount rate used was a 10% rate which was chose to show the require investments rate of return. Attached below is our company’s investment information. 4.1 Cash Flow Statement 4.2 Net Present Value 4.3 Rate of Return Papa Geo’s IRR 28% The calculations was done based upon the data that was provided on the excel spreadsheet. (see spreadsheet for more details) Papa Geos | Rate of Return | | Total for equipment | 122,114 | Depreciation | 24,423 | Cash inflows | 3,523,075 | Initial Investment | 992,000 | ARR | 3.53 | | Initial Investment | 992,000 | Annual Cash Inflows | 3,523,075 | IRR | 28% | | | 4.4 Payback Period These numbers show that the loan would be paid in full with the first few months of the fourth year. 5.0 Pro-Forma Financial Statements 5.0 Pro-Forma Financial Statements The following section breaks down the three most important parts to investing with our company. The pro-forma financial statement section is here to give you an overview of the significant impact our company can make within the span of five years. 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Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Visa Compliance for Class TY Special Category - myassignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about theVisa Compliance for Class TY Special Category. Answer: Cancellation of visa under section 501(2) of the Migration Act As per the fact of the case John is a citizen of New Zealand and has been granted a Class TY Special Category (Temporary) sub class 444 visa. He is staying in Australia for the last 10 years. Though he is quite successful in his professional career he has some bad involvement with various criminal activities like drunken behavior, theft of a motor vehicle and driving without a license which make pleaded guilty to all his charges and finned with $2,000 for good behavior Bond. Later he again found to drive without license, driving carelessly, assault and therefore he was imprisoned for 2 months and wholly suspended for 12 months and has to pay $2,500 as compensation. In 2017 he was found with burglary with a lethal weapon Samurai sword and therefore again he was imprisoned for 3 months and Court has ordered for $3,000 as compensation[1]. Now his parents are worried about their son and they are residing in Australia on Class TY Special Category (Temporary) sub class 444 visas. However recently it has been found that his girlfriend Hannah who is staying in Australia with Class TU Student Temporary sub class 500 visa is 7 months pregnant. After he get to know that he will be a father he has been treated under a doctor and a psychiatrist and they will continued the treatment and stated that good influence from his family will help John to be rehabilitated. Recently he received a letter from the migration department which contain a notice of intention to consider cancellation of his visa on character Grounds under section 501(2) of the migration Act 1958[2]. Under section 501 of the migration Act 1958 the visa may be refused or cancelled if it is not passed the character test according to the minister of immigration and citizenship or the Minister delegate then they has right to cancel a Visa on the character ground. The Minister can cancel a Visa on the character ground where the person reasonably suspected that they do not pass the character test and if they failed to satisfy the Minister to pass the character test then they have the power for cancelling of visa which should duty of the Minister or by the ministers delegate[3]. The section 501(3) provides another power to cancel the visa on the character ground where it should be used by the Minister personally. If the Minister cancels the visa under the section 503 of the migration Act 1958 the person should be suspected that he has failed to pass the character test and it will be satisfied the Minister that the cancellation is occur in the national interest. The character test has been legislated under section 501(6) where the suspected person may fail the character test if they[4]: related with a substantial criminal record ever been convicted or found escaped from immigration detention[5] must have committed with criminal offences which is in immigration detention should have been a member of or had any past Association with any criminal organization which involved in criminal conduct[6] The person should be found or suspected for the involvement with people smuggling, people trafficking, genocide, war crimes or any crimes against humanity. The person have found related with any sexually offences where a child is involved the person should be subjected of any adverse assessment by ASIO The person should be noticed with the issues which should be reason for being a risk to the Australian community. The visa can be refused or cancelled under section 501 of the migration Act 1958. It defines and describes through a two stages of the decision making process under this act which is also known as threshold test for a refusal or cancellation. If it has been found that under section 501 (1) (2) (3) has been satisfied the minister of the delegate for the refusal or cancellation therefore the second stage of decision making process has been processed under the section 501 of the migration act. But it is important that the minister of the delegate should have the right to take decision whether the visa should we exercise to refuse or cancel. Under section 499 of the migration act the Minister give direct Direction for the decision making process under section 501 where ministerial decision should be commenced by the offices of the department of immigration and citizenship where they will work on the visa cancellation and refusal decision under the section of 501(1) and (2) of the migrati on act[7]. The character test has detained under the section 501 of the migration act mainly depend on four categories which includes substantial criminal record, Association with criminal conduct, lot of good character on account of past and present criminal or general conduct and significant risk of future contact grounds[8]. Most of the time the character test has been failed due to having a substantial criminal record of the person under the section 501(7) of the migration act[9]. The substantial criminal record has been defined the visa holder who has a substantial criminal past record if he is involved in the punishment of sentenced to death, ever sentenced to the punishment of life imprisonment or ever have sentence to a term of imprisonment for 12 months or more. If the person has involved with an offence due to the mental illness or if the court is not found that the person is not fit and the court has made a finding of guilty according to the evidence which has been detained in a facility or institution[10]. The association with criminal conduct has defined where the person has failed to pass the character test for any involvement with other persons or any group which can involved with criminal contact and suspected by the Minister[11]. In the third category lot of good character on account of past or present criminal or general conduct the general conduct has defined where the persons past or present involvement where they not pass the character test and DIAC has considered where the person has been found with the involvement in such exercise which define content or disregard against the law or human rights and has found mislead immigration officials therefore DSE can consider the recent good conduct. In the criminal conduct where the person has failed in the character test where the delegate of the Minister should take the involvement of nature severity frequency and time elapsed from the period when the offences has been committed and that person also recorded for the offence is which has been committed and it also includes any mitigating circumstances[12]. In the fourth category the significant risk of future conduct grounds the person may fail the character test if a significant risk has been found in Australia where that person has been involved in any criminal conduct which includes harass, molest intermediate or stalk another person or found to be a risk to the Australian community or incite discord or represent a danger to the part of the community or the Australian community[13]. However when the person has not passed the character days that does not cancel the visa automatically by DIAC. DIAC must look for a number of factors before it make the decision whether or not to cancel the visa. The ministerial direction number 21 has been determined such consideration which has been divided in three parts. The primary consideration for it must make the decision before cancel officer that includes the protection of the Australian community, the expectation of the Australian community for the best interest if any child who has been aged under18 have affected[14]. The Other consideration which includes the facts for that person is married or any de facto relationship with another Australian citizen or has permanent residency or any previous hardship which has been caused or any immediate family members. It also includes the extent of disruption to the persons family business or any other related matters in Australia the composition of that persons family which may in Australia or any other country. If the person has using any legal matter or any liability or that person has been previously advised by DIAC which has been brought him or her in the section of 501 cancellation revision or there is any evidence of rehabilitation and good conducts[15]. The third one is other international obligations which includes the obligations for that person who is facing any risk of violation with the right to life and the right to freedom in the country of his origin or any issues of protection under the convention relating to the Status of Refugees 1951 where they have their visa cancelled and should be returned to the country of origin[16]. However the DIAC has been provided such right where before the cancel of the visa of the person on the basis of character ground he has right to comply with the evidence under the code of procedure where they invite that person to provide such evidence or any further information before the decision has been made. In the decision making process the Minister is the decision maker. Therefore he must require contacting such procedure with the rules of natural justice or with the code of procedure[17]. If DIAC has been take decision to cancel that person visa then the person will become an unlawful processed under the immigration detention if the visa has been cancelled under the five hundred and one of the migration act then that person has been permanently banned from applying for another visa file in Australia[18]. It also cancelled other visas which have been that person is holding and it will be permanent exclusion from Australia. The visa holder may be banned from Australia but it can be reviewed under the Administrative Appeals Tribunal. The minister has no right to personally review the decision by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal. The 501 cancellation of visa has also reviewed by the Federal Court or the High Court of Australia. If it has been found that the minister has been made an error in the law and providing on the decision of the cancellation of the visa then it can be reviewed[19]. If the visa was cancelled on the character Grounds therefore John can apply for the review of the decision on the cancellation of the visa under section 501(2) of the migration act. The cancellation of visa decision making process can be review in three ways. Access to the merits review where the Administrative Appeals Tribunal can review the decisions on the basis of merit and it can be able to challenge the legality of the decisions through the court proceeding. If that visa holder has been apply for the merit reviews by Administrative Appeals Tribunal on the basis of the decision which has been made by the Minister own himself or by a delegate of the Minister. The decision has been refused to grant or cancel the visa process under the merit reviews by Administrative Appeals Tribunal if that decision has been made by a delicate of the Minister[20]. Decision making process of the visa cancel also refused according to the Judicial review where the decision has been made by DIAC officer or by the Minister personally. The Federal Court or High Court of Australia if we found that the visa cancellation Decision Process has been affected by the jurisdictional error then that decision making can be reconsidered and it can be cancelled the decision[21]. The minister has personal powers to refuse or cancel visas under the section 501, 501A and 501B of the migration act on the basis of ministers own discretionary powers where he have rights to refuse or cancel the visa process on the basis of character ground. The visa holder Can only has right to challenge the legality of such decisions through the Judicial review if minister has involved in the cancellation of that visa[22]. Reference Boon-Kuo, Louise. Policing Undocumented Migrants: Law, Violence and Responsibility. Routledge, 2017. Donnelly, Jason. "Challenging Huynh: incorrect importation of the national interest term via the back door." Australian Journal of Administrative Law 24.1 (2017): 99-120. Hoang, Khanh, and Sudrishti Reich. "Managing crime through migration law in Australia and the United States: a comparative analysis." Comparative Migration Studies 5.1 (2017): 12. Hoang, Khanh. "Bad character: Visa cancellation on the basis of involvement in criminal conduct." Legaldate 27.2 (2015): 7. Hoang, Khanh. "Migration law: Of secrecy and enforcement: Australian border force act." LSJ: Law Society of NSW Journal 14 (2015): 78. Kinslor, Joanne, and James English. "Decision-making in the national interest?."AIAL Forum. No. 79. Australian Institute of Administrative Law, 2015. McGrath, Jane. "A path of devotion: Migration law and the art of specialising." Bulletin (Law Society of South Australia) 39.1 (2017): 8.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Robert Frost`S Poems Analysis Essays - Robert Frost, Nature

Robert Frost`S Poems Analysis In the eyes of the poet, how can we describe the majestic cycle of nature? Nature is all around us and we are bound by it unpredictable transformations. Robert Frost finds the beauty of nature, yet is quite aware of its fickleness. He is infatuated with the regeneration of life with each seasonal progression. Nature is a mundane detail that we rarely take time to appreciate and sometimes take for granted its tendency to constantly make the world beautiful. When life decays, we see that the world around us is barren and desolate, but we know that it will change with the passing of time. In many of Frosts poems about nature, he recognizes the beauty of nature, but is also bewildered and sometimes saddened by its continuous change. Frosts poem, Nothing Gold Can Stay, portrays the idea of nature being a life force throughout all of time. Nature is constantly showing us her beauty, but he reminds us that from each day to the next, nothing can be a permanent fixture all the time. In A Boundless Moment, Frost is so attracted to natures cycle, that he defies what nature ought to do, by creating a leaf that is clinging on to a tree, but the reader knows that this cannot be and soon it will fall off like the rest of the leaves. We do not know when, but this abnormality cannot continue, it must change. Desert Places shows more of Frosts emotions and deals with the natural progression of life. When the narrator realizes that the snow is covering all of the ground he becomes aware that nature is no longer alive or present in his midst. The death of nature is examined thoroughly and leaves little hope for regeneration. Frost is saddened with this idea of death and expresses the true loneliness of life. Spring Pools portrays this same image of death, but it is almost a continuation to Desert Places, because it provides hope with the snow that melted only yesterday. It considers the better aspects of life and that being the end of a cold winter, and the beginning of a beautiful spring. The regeneration of the world is wonderful, and provides the insight that nothing lasts forever without going through a series of changes and constant growing and maturing. Frost personifies nature in human terms and points out the many ways in which what happens with an individual is a reflection of what happens throughout nature. Poets are generally interested in consciousness and how the natural world might reveal it, but personality is not the point. Nature is the process that can insightfully bring about personal reflection, and Frost uses this to reveal the splendor and wonder of natures frivolity. Poetry Essays